Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry : eISSN 2233-9183 / pISSN 1225-729X

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Comparison of demographic and clinical characteristics of participants

Total (n=116) Child’s self-injury reported by child (Inj_C) p-value Post-hoc test

Never (Group I) p-value Post-hoc test (n=52) Sometimes (Group II) (n=38) Often (Group III) (n=26)
Age 16.0 (14.0, 17.0) 16.0 (14.6, 17.0) 16.0 (14.0, 17.0) 15.0 (14.0, 15.0) 0.613
Sex§ 0.003**
Male 44 (37.9) 28 (53.8) 12 (31.6) 4 (15.4)
Female 72 (62.1) 24 (46.2) 26 (68.4) 22 (84.6)
CDI 25.2±8.2 21.2±8.1 27.3±6.4 30.4±7.0 <0.001*** I
TCI
NS 45.8 (18.0, 70.8) 41.1 (18.0, 65.0) 46.8 (17.7, 78.0) 55.3 (16.0, 73.8) 0.796
HA 75.0 (50.0, 93.0) 69.0 (33.8, 90.0) 79.5 (55.7, 93.0) 79.5 (57.6, 95.8) 0.194
RD 30.5 (10.0, 60.0) 39.0 (10.3, 62.1) 21.8 (10.0, 60.0) 30.9 (10.1, 54.8) 0.658
P 18.0 (3.0, 53.0) 27.0 (2.8, 54.0) 12.5 (2.4, 41.0) 10.0 (5.0, 49.8) 0.591
SD 18.0 (4.0, 47.7) 31.8 (7.3, 65.6) 16.0 (1.7, 30.1) 11.0 (2.0, 47.6) 0.043* I=II=III
C 46.2 (17.0, 76.0) 46.8 (23.0, 76.0) 40.0 (13.3, 70.0) 63.0 (11.5, 81.3) 0.827
ST 15.0 (5.5, 49.9) 20.1 (6.8, 44.8) 18.4 (4.9, 50.3) 12.0 (3.8, 32.1) 0.383
Child’s suicidal ideation reported by child (Idea_C)§ <0.001***
Never 28 (24.1) 25 (48.1) 3 (7.9) 0 (0)
Sometimes 46 (39.7) 19 (36.5) 22 (57.9) 5 (19.2)
Often 42 (36.2) 8 (15.4) 13 (34.2) 21 (80.8)

Data are shown as n (%) for sex, mean±standard deviation for CDI, and median (interquartile range) for the other variables. *p<0.05; **p<0.01; ***p<0.001; †Kruskal-Wallis test; ‡ANOVA (analysis of variance); §chi-square test. A post hoc test was performed using the Bonferroni’s test. Idea_C, Child’s suicidal ideation reported by child; Inj_C, Child’s self-injury reported by child; CDI, Children’s Depression Inventory; TCI, Temperament and Character Inventory; NS, novelty seeking; HA, harm avoidance; RD, risk dependence; P, persistence; SD, self-directedness; C, cooperativeness; ST, self-transcendence

J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2022;33:99-105 https://doi.org/10.5765/jkacap.220014
© 2022 J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry