Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry : eISSN 2233-9183 / pISSN 1225-729X

Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Comparisons of subcortical structural volumes

ADHD (mm3) Control (mm3) ANCOVA

F p es
Left
Thalamus 8499.76±633.31 8374.59±648.84 0.55 0.462 0.01
Caudate 3789.35±569.37 3661.30±317.26 1.16 0.289 0.02
Putamen 5428.86±591.91 5039.27±387.45 5.98 0.020 0.15
Pallidum 2228.89±168.11 2182.66±129.88 1.12 0.297 0.03
Hippocampus 4228.46±312.67 4137.33±236.86 0.93 0.342 0.03
Amygdala 1837.56±145.47 1751.96±116.85 5.04 0.031 0.11
Nucleus accumbens 497.02±70.15 426.22±72.22 10.12 0.003* 0.22
Right
Thalamus 7969.97±473.80 7792.65±361.76 1.61 0.213 0.05
Caudate 3871.71±487.87 3635.26±298.87 4.44 0.042 0.09
Putamen 5495.81±574.29 5230.89±341.03 3.33 0.077 0.09
Pallidum 2104.54±176.93 2050.30±142.51 1.37 0.250 0.03
Hippocampus 4443.99±382.28 4346.82±177.41 1.20 0.281 0.03
Amygdala 1915.23±169.98 1841.27±89.97 4.54 0.040 0.09
Nucleus accumbens 568.08±86.72 530.85±86.25 1.50 0.228 0.05

Data are presented as mean±standard deviation. *regions remaining significant after controlling for multiple comparisons with Bonferroni correction. ANCOVA, analysis of covariance with age, sex as covariates; es, effect size; ADHD, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021;32:129-36 https://doi.org/10.5765/jkacap.210009
© 2021 J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry