Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry : eISSN 2233-9183 / pISSN 1225-729X

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Characteristics of patients with deliberate self-poisoning (n=491)

Characteristics Adolescents (n=76) Adults (n=340) Elderly (n=75) Total (n=491)
Age (yr, mean±SD) 20.03±2.96 45.89±10.55 75.35±10.71 46.50±18.24
Sex
Male 24 (31.6) 100 (29.4) 45 (60.0) 169 (34.4)
Female 52 (68.4) 240 (70.6) 30 (40.0) 322 (65.6)
Visit time (hour)
0-6 22 (28.9) 81 (23.8) 8 (10.7) 111 (22.6)
6-12 14 (18.4) 44 (12.9) 17 (22.7) 75 (15.3)
12-18 21 (27.6) 93 (27.4) 28 (37.3) 142 (28.9)
18-24 19 (25) 122 (35.9) 22 (29.3) 163 (33.2)
Emergency room discharge results
Discharge against medical advice 24 (31.6) 135 (39.7) 9 (12) 168 (34.2)
Symptom improvement 14 (18.4) 29 (8.5) 7 (9.3) 50 (10.2)
Psychiatric admission 5 (6.6) 24 (7.1) 4 (5.3) 33 (6.7)
Medical department admission 33 (43.4) 152 (44.7) 55 (73.3) 240 (48.9)
Trigger events
Couple relationship problems 15 (19.7) 34 (10) 0 (0) 49 (10.0)
Stress from job or school 12 (15.8) 17 (5) 0 (0) 29 (5.9)
Family relationship problems 20 (26.3) 133 (39.1) 33 (44) 186 (37.9)
Unemployment or economic problems 4 (5.3) 45 (13.2) 8 (10.7) 57 (11.6)
Chronic physical illness 0 (0) 7 (2.1) 17 (22.7) 24 (4.9)
Psychiatric symptoms 9 (11.8) 36 (10.6) 7 (9.3) 52 (10.6)
Others 3 (3.9) 4 (1.2) 1 (1.3) 8 (1.6)
Unknown 13 (17.1) 64 (18.8) 9 (12) 86 (17.5)
Type of poisoning drugs
Psychiatric drugs 40 (52.6) 160 (47.1) 18 (24) 218 (44.4)
Other prescribed drugs 2 (2.6) 83 (24.4) 19 (25.3) 104 (21.2)
OTC drugs 30 (39.5) 59 (17.4) 0 (0) 89 (18.1)
Herbicides 4 (5.3) 38 (11.2) 38 (50.7) 80 (16.3)
Blood alcohol levels (mg/dL)
0 62 (81.6) 189 (55.6) 57 (76) 308 (62.7)
-150 12 (15.8) 76 (22.4) 11 (14.7) 99 (20.2)
>150 2 (2.6) 75 (22.1) 7 (9.3) 84 (17.1)
Suicide attempt intent
Yes 39 (51.3) 137 (40.3) 48 (64) 224 (45.6)
No 20 (26.3) 111 (32.6) 13 (17.3) 144 (29.3)
Unchecked 17 (22.4) 92 (27.1) 14 (18.7) 123 (25.1)
Previous psychiatric treatment history
None 24 (31.6) 140 (41.2) 39 (52) 203 (41.3)
In treatment 40 (52.6) 149 (43.8) 27 (36) 216 (44)
Previous history 12 (15.8) 51 (15) 9 (12) 72 (14.7)
Previous psychiatric admission
None 65 (85.5) 267 (78.5) 63 (84) 395 (80.4)
Once 8 (10.5) 34 (10) 6 (8) 48 (9.8)
Multiple 3 (3.9) 39 (11.5) 6 (8) 48 (9.8)
Last psychiatric outpatient visit
None 24 (31.6) 140 (41.2) 39 (52) 203 (41.3)
Within one week 13 (17.1) 49 (14.4) 6 (8) 68 (13.8)
Within one month 27 (35.5) 100 (29.4) 21 (28) 148 (30.1)
More than one month 12 (15.8) 51 (15) 9 (12) 72 (14.7)
Previous suicide attempts
No 56 (73.7) 250 (73.5) 61 (81.3) 367 (74.7)
Yes 20 (26.3) 90 (26.5) 14 (18.7) 124 (25.3)
Number of outpatient visits after discharge
0 39 (51.3) 222 (65.3) 42 (56) 303 (61.7)
1-9 27 (35.5) 92 (27.1) 25 (33.3) 144 (29.3)
10- 10 (13.2) 26 (7.6) 8 (10.7) 44 (9.0)

Data are presented as n (%). OTC drug: over-the-counter drugs (medicines sold directly to a consumer without a requirement for a prescription from a healthcare professional)

J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2021;32:17-27 https://doi.org/10.5765/jkacap.200034
© 2021 J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry