Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry : eISSN 2233-9183 / pISSN 1225-729X

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Suggested Diagnostic criteria for Parental Alienation Disorder, by Bernet et al. [40]

A. The child—usually one whose parents are engaged in a high-conflict divorce—allies himself or herself strongly with one parent and rejects a relationship with the other, alienated parent without legitimate justification. The child resists or refuses contact or parenting time with the alienated parent.
B. The child manifests the following behaviors:
(1) A persistent rejection or denigration of a parent that reaches the level of a campaign.
(2) Weak, frivolous, and absurd rationalizations for the child’s persistent criticism of the rejected parent.
C. The child manifests two or more of the following six attitudes and behaviors:
(1) Lack of ambivalence.
(2) Independent-thinker phenomenon.
(3) Reflexive support of one parent against the other.
(4) Absence of guilt over exploitation of the rejected parent.
(5) Presence of borrowed scenarios.
(6) Spread of the animosity to the extended family of the rejected parent.
D. The duration of the disturbance is at least 2 months.
E. The disturbance causes clinically significant distress or impairment in social, academic (occupational), or other important areas of functioning.
F. The child’s refusal to have contact with the rejected parent is without legitimate justification. That is, parental alienation disorder is not diagnosed if the rejected parent maltreated the child.
J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2020;31:66-73 https://doi.org/10.5765/jkacap.200004
© 2020 J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry