Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry : eISSN 2233-9183 / pISSN 1225-729X

Table. 3.

Table. 3.

The risk of suicide attempt in the past year among North Korean-family adolescents (N=404)

Variable Suicide attempt Unadjusted odds ratio (95% CI) Adjusted odds ratio* (95% CI)

Yes, N (%) No, N (%)
School year 74 (18.32) 330 (81.68) 0.96 (0.83-1.12) 0.85 (0.62-1.16)
Sex
 Male (reference) 45 (11.14) 199 (49.26)
 Female 29 (7.18) 131 (32.43) 0.98 (0.58-1.64) 0.91 (0.32-2.57)
Place of residence
 Rural (reference) 9 (2.23) 20 (4.95)
 Small or mid-sized city 33 (8.17) 162 (40.1) 0.45 (0.19-1.08) 0.63 (0.1-4.19)
 Large city 32 (7.92) 148 (36.63) 0.48 (0.2-1.15) 0.17 (0.03-1.15)
Father’s education
 College degree or more (ref) 19 (4.70) 56 (13.86)
 High school diploma or less 34 (8.42) 141 (34.9) 0.71 (0.37-1.35) 0.32 (0.09-1.08)
Mother’s education
 College degree or more (ref) 10 (2.48) 73 (18.07)
 High school diploma or less 38 (9.41) 153 (37.87) 1.81 (0.86-3.84) 1.92 (0.49-7.47)
Household type
 Nuclear family (ref) 29 (7.18) 207 (51.24)
 Other relatives 6 (1.49) 33 (8.17) 1.3 (0.5-3.37) 0.38 (0.05-2.81)
 Friends, alone, or dormitory 16 (3.96) 44 (10.89) 2.6 (1.3-5.18) 1.58 (0.41-6.14)
 Facility 23 (5.69) 46 (11.39) 3.57 (1.89-6.73) 1 (0.28-3.62)
Socioeconomic status
 High 18 (4.46) 79 (19.55) 2.06 (1.05-4.05) 5.42 (1.07-27.33)
 Middle (reference) 22 (5.45) 199 (49.26)
 Low 34 (8.42) 52 (12.87) 5.91 (3.19-10.96) 15.02 (3.22-69.99)
Academic achievement
 High 29 (7.18) 96 (23.76) 2.51 (1.35-4.67) 1.79 (0.36-8.89)
 Middle (reference) 20 (4.95) 166 (41.09)
 Low 25 (6.19) 68 (16.83) 3.05 (1.59-5.86) 1.02 (0.21-5.08)
Alcohol use 61 (15.10) 190 (47.03) 3.46 (1.83-6.54) 1.65 (0.41-6.67)
Tobacco use 52 (12.87) 140 (34.65) 3.21 (1.86-5.53) 3.34 (0.93-11.98)
Type of family
 North Korean mother (ref) 20 (4.95) 164 (40.59)
 North Korean father 42 (10.40) 102 (25.25) 3.38 (1.88-6.07) 0.78 (0.24-2.58)
 Both North Korean parents 12 (2.97) 64 (15.84) 1.54 (0.71-3.33) 0.51 (0.12-2.14)
Perceived health
 Not healthy (reference) 14 (3.47) 25 (6.19)
 Healthy 60 (14.85) 305 (75.5) 0.35 (0.17-0.72) 0.54 (0.13-2.18)
Sleep satisfaction
 Not satisfied (reference) 43 (10.64) 131 (32.43)
 Satisfied 31 (7.67) 199 (49.26) 0.48 (0.28-0.79) 1.35 (0.48-3.79)
Depressive symptoms 60 (14.85) 108 (26.73) 8.81 (4.71-16.47) 19.13 (5.55-65.96)

adjusted for the effects of school year, sex, place of residence, father’s education, mother’s education, household type, socioeconomic status, academic achievement, alcohol use, tobacco use, family type, perceived health, sleep satisfaction, and depressive symptoms,

p<0.05,

p<0.01

J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2020;31:33-40 https://doi.org/10.5765/jkacap.190035
© 2020 J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry