Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry : eISSN 2233-9183 / pISSN 1225-729X

Table. 2.

Table. 2.

Beliefs about the causes and treatment of TS

 Categories/itemsMean (SD)Cronbach’s alpha
Parenting and psychological4.500.799
 Behavior therapy (relaxation training, habit reversal training) is an effective treatment for TS5.24 (1.13)
 Psychological counseling is an effective treatment for TS4.90 (1.21)
 TS is caused by family problems, such as alcoholism or marital discord4.77 (1.30)
 Using special parenting techniques is an effective way of treating TS4.63 (1.28)
 Stresses, such as schooling or friendship, are the cause of TS4.62 (1.21)
 Tics get worse as they are being discussed with the TS patient4.59 (1.24)
 It would be better for parents to show an attitude that they do not care about the tic itself4.56 (1.40)
 TS is caused by ineffective discipline4.35 (1.35)
 People with TS can suppress their tics3.82 (1.42)
 Children develop TS because they want attention3.70 (1.48)
 Intentionally suppressing tics causes them to be worse or causes another tic to occur3.33 (1.40)
Neuro and biological4.250.826
 TS is a neurological disorder5.18 (1.11)
 Medication of TS is effective by changing the neurotransmitter in the brain4.66 (1.12)
 I would not hesitate to offer medication to children with TS if a doctor recommends it4.48 (1.38)
 Medication is a safe treatment for TS4.44 (1.38)
 Medication is almost always effective in treating TS4.16 (1.16)
 TS can be caused by complications during pregnancy3.99 (1.22)
 The only treatment for TS is medication3.74 (1.42)
 TS is genetically transmitted3.33 (1.40)
Dietary and environmental3.880.839
 Special diets are effective treatments for TS4.23 (1.32)
 Overexposure to TV/internet/smartphone is the cause of TS4.11 (1.35)
 TS is caused by exposure to environmental substances, such as lead4.07 (1.24)
 Reducing a child’s sugar intake is an effective treatment for TS3.99 (1.18)
 Vitamin therapy is an effective treatment for TS3.95 (1.13)
 TS is caused by allergic reactions or sensitivity to food preservatives3.42 (1.33)
 Bacterial infection is the cause of TS3.40 (1.35)

SD: standard deviation, TS: Tourette’s syndrome

J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019;30:109-15
© 2019 J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry