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Cognitive Function, Emotional and Behavioral Problems, and Temperament of Premature Children
J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019; 30(1): 34-41
Published online January 1, 2019
© 2019 Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Dong-hyun Ahn1,2, Aran Min1 , Kangryul Kim1 , Kyung-ah Kim1 , Mi-Young Oh1 , Hyun Ju Lee3 , Hyun-Kyung Park3 , and Hyewon Park4

1Department of Psychiatry, Hanyang University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Psychiatry, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
3Department of Pediatrics, Hanyang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
4Department of Child & Family Welfare, University of Ulsan, Ulsan, Korea
Correspondence to: Dong-hyun Ahn, Department of Psychiatry, Hanyang University Hospital, 222 Wangsimni-ro, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 04763, Korea Tel: +82-2-2290-8425, Fax: +82-2-2298-2055, E-mail: ahndh@hanyang.ac.kr
Received August 7, 2018; Revised October 2, 2018; Accepted October 16, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objectives: We aimed to compare preterm, neurodevelopmentally disordered and healthy full-term children. Methods: We enrolled 47 children who were born preterm, 40 neurodevelopmentally disordered children, and 80 healthy children as control participants, in order to assess the cognitive functioning and the risk of behavioral problems at the age of 5. Children were assessed using the Korean Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence-4th edition (K-WPPSI-IV), the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL), and the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI). Results: The mean K-WPPSI-IV score of the preterm group was 87.19±17.36, which was significantly higher than that of the neurodevelopmental disorder group (69.98±28.63; p<0.001) but lower than that of the control group (107.74±14.21; p<0.001). The cumulative CBCL scores of the preterm children were not significantly different from those of the control group. Additionally, the TCI scores for reward dependence of the preterm children were higher than those of the control group. Conclusion: The cognitive performance of preterm infants was lower than that of healthy full-term infants at the age of 5, and there was an association between slower growth and decreased cognitive ability
Keywords : Preterm, Korean Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence, Cognitive function, Emotional and behavioral problems, Temperament


January 2019, 30 (1)
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