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Differences in Parenting Stress, Parenting Attitudes, and Parents’ Mental Health According to Parental Adult Attachment Style
J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019; 30(1): 17-25
Published online January 1, 2019
© 2019 Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Do Hoon Kim1, Na Ri Kang1, and Young Sook Kwack2

1Department of Psychiatry, Jeju National University Hospital, Jeju, Korea
2Department of Psychiatry, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju, Korea
Correspondence to: Young Sook Kwack, Department of Psychiatry, Jeju National University School of Medical, 15 Aran 13-gil, Jeju 63241, Korea Tel: +82-64-717-1850, Fax: +82-64-717-1849, E-mail:
Received April 24, 2018; Revised September 3, 2018; Accepted October 2, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Objectives: We aimed to compare the differences in parenting stress, parenting attitudes, and parents’ mental health between different adult attachment styles. Methods: Forty-four parents who completed a parental education program were enrolled in our study. They completed the Korean version of the Experience of Close Relationship Revised, Korean-Parenting Stress Index-Short Form, Maternal Behavior Research Instrument, and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised. Results: The avoidant attachment score positively correlated with parenting stress. The anxious attachment score showed a positive relationship with parenting stress, hostile parenting attitude, and psychopathology, but a negative association with an affectionate parenting attitude. The secure attachment group exhibited a more autonomous, affectionate parenting style and a less hostile parenting attitude and less parenting stress than the insecure attachment group. Dismissing-avoidant attachment parents reported significantly higher parenting stress scores than secure attachment parents. Preoccupied and fearful-avoidant attachment parents displayed a more hostile parenting style than secure attachment parents. Dismissing-avoidant and preoccupied parents reported a less affectionate parenting attitude than secure attachment parents. Conclusion: There were differences in parenting stress, parenting attitudes, and parents’ mental health depending on the adult attachment style. More specific education and interventions based on parental attachment type are necessary for parents.
Keywords : Adult attachment, Parenting stress, Parenting style, Mental health

January 2019, 30 (1)
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