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Internet Addiction and Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder Traits among Female College Students in Japan
J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2018; 29(3): 144-148
Published online July 1, 2018
© 2018 Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Masaru Tateno, Yukie Tateno, Chikara Kamikobe, Ryunosuke Monden, Oji Sakaoka, Junichiro Kanazawa, Takahiro A. Kato, and Takuya Saito

Tokiwa Child Development Center, Tokiwa Hospital, Sapporo, Japan
Correspondence to: Masaru Tateno, Tokiwa Child Development Center, Tokiwa Hospital, Tokiwa 3-1-6-1, Minami-ku, Sapporo 005-0853, Japan Tel: +81-11-591-4711, Fax: +81-11-591-0922, E-mail: tatema@sapmed.ac.jp
Received March 10, 2018; Revised April 10, 2018; Accepted April 18, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objectives: Previous studies have reported that internet addiction (IA) is associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) consistently. However, in terms of gender, there are controversial findings. We aimed to investigate the relation between IA and self-acknowledged ADHD traits among female college students in Japan.
Methods: The study questionnaire consisted of questions about demographics, Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale-V1.1 Part A (ADHD screener) and Young’s Internet Addiction Test (IAT). When four or more items are more frequent than the cut-off on ADHD screener, the subject was categorized into students with a positive ADHD screen. We defined students with total IAT score of 70 and higher as IA.
Results: A total number of respondents was 369 (mean age: 19.0±0.7 years). Seventy-seven subjects were screened positive on ADHD screener (20.9%). Students with a positive ADHD screen scored significantly higher on the IAT (54.2±14.2 vs. 42.5±11.3). The rates of IA in students with and without a positive ADHD screen were 18.2% and 1.0%, respectively.
Conclusion: Results of this study demonstrated the relation between IA and self-evaluated ADHD traits among female college students in Japan. Appropriate education for students on how to use the internet properly will be necessary to prevent IA.
Keywords : Internet addiction; Internet gaming disorder; Pathological internet use; Internet over use; Developmental disorder; Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.


July 2018, 29 (3)
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