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Assessment Tools for the Mental Health of School-Aged Children and Adolescents Exposed to Disaster: A Systematic Review (1988–2015)
J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2018; 29(3): 88-100
Published online July 1, 2018
© 2018 Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Mi-Sun Lee1 and Soo-Young Bhang2

1Department of Psychiatry, Eulji University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
2Department of Psychiatry, Eulji University School of Medicine, Eulji University Hospital, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Soo-Young Bhang, Department of Psychiatry, Eulji University School of Medicine, Eulji University Hospital, 68 Hangeulbiseok-ro, Nowon-gu, Seoul 01830, Korea Tel: +82-2-970-8303, Fax: +82-2-970-8429, E-mail:
Received January 12, 2018; Revised April 3, 2018; Accepted April 24, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Objectives: In this study, we aimed to conduct a systematic review of studies investigating psychosocial factors affecting children exposed to disasters.
Methods: In total, 140 studies were retrieved. The studies were published from 1988 to 2015. A systematic review was performed using the PRISMA guidelines. MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central, Web of Science, PsycINFO, PubMed, and Google Scholar were searched. Each database was searched using the following terms: ‘Child,’ ‘Adolescent,’ ‘Youth,’ ‘Disaster,’ ‘Posttraumatic,’ ‘Psychosocial,’ ‘Assessment,’ ‘Evaluation,’ and ‘Screening.’ The identified studies were subjected to data extraction and appraisal.
Results: The database search identified 713 articles. Based on the titles and abstracts, the full texts of 118 articles were obtained. The findings of this review can be used as a basis for the design of a psychosocial evaluation tool for disaster preparedness.
Conclusion: Given the paramount importance of post-disaster evaluation and the weaknesses of current disaster evaluation tools, the need to develop valid and reliable tools and psychometric evaluations cannot be overstated. Our findings provide current evidence supporting various assessments in children, who are very vulnerable psychologically following disasters.
Keywords : Disaster; Mental health tool; Assessment; Children; Systematic review.

July 2018, 29 (3)
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  • Ministry of Health and Welfare(Ministry of Health, Welfare and Family Affairs)