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The Effects of Group Cognitive Behavioral Therapy on the Improvement of Depression and Anxiety in Adolescents with Problematic Internet Use
J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2018;29(2):73-79
Published online April 1, 2018
© 2018 Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Sang-Hyun Kim1, Hyeon-Woo Yim2, Sun-Jin Jo2, Kyu-In Jung3, Kina Lee4, and Min-Hyeon Park3

1Department of Psychiatry, Uijeongbu St. Mary’s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Uijeongbu, Korea
2Department of Preventive Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
3Department of Psychiatry, St. Paul’s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea
4Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Min-Hyeon Park, Department of Psychiatry, The Catholic University of Korea, St. Paul’s Hospital, 180 Wangsan-ro, Dongdaemun-gu, Seoul 02559, Korea
Tel: +82-2-958-2153, Fax: +82-31-847-3630, E-mail: neominnie@daum.net
Received October 16, 2017; Revised December 19, 2017; Accepted January 12, 2018.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objectives: The overuse of the Internet among adolescents has increased dramatically in recent years, leading to pathological or problematic Internet use. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is known to be effective for the treatment of problematic Internet use, particularly for adolescents. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of group CBT for problematic Internet use in adolescents.
Methods: A total of 17 patients aged 12-17 years who met Young’s diagnostic questionnaire criteria of problematic Internet use participated in a school-based eight-session group CBT program. The level of problematic Internet use among participating students was measured using Young’s Internet Addiction Scale (IAS). Depression and anxiety levels were evaluated using the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI) and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), respectively. Each construct was assessed at baseline, immediately after the intervention, and at a one-month follow-up visit. Statistical significance was based on a p-value of <0.05.
Results: Immediately after the program, the IAS, CDI, and State Anxiety Inventory (SAI) scores were significantly lower than before the program. At the one-month follow-up assessment, the IAS scores remained low, and the CDI and SAI scores were even lower than immediately after the program.
Conclusion: Group CBT was effective for adolescents with problematic Internet use, and was also demonstrated to improve depression and anxiety.
Keywords : Problematic Internet use; Depression; Anxiety; Group cognitive behavioral therapy.


April 2018, 29 (2)
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