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Beliefs about Tic Disorders and Tourette’s Syndrome in South Korea: An Online Panel Survey
J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019; 30(3): 109-115
Published online July 1, 2019
© 2019 Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Minji Lee and Subin Park

Clinical Research Center, Mental Health Research Institute, National Center for Mental Health, Seoul, Korea
Correspondence to: Subin Park, Clinical Research Center, Mental Health Research Institute, National Center for Mental Health, 127 Yongmasan-ro, Gwangjin-gu, Seoul 04933, Korea
Tel: +82-2-2204-0108, Fax: +82-2-2204-0280, E-mail: subin-21@hanmail.net
Received April 11, 2019; Revised May 21, 2019; Accepted May 22, 2019.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract
Objectives: This study investigates lay beliefs about the etiology and treatments of tic disorder and Tourette’s syndrome, as well as identifying sociodemographic and personality variables affecting these beliefs among South Koreans.
Methods: In total, 673 participants (mean age 41.77±12.03 years) completed an online survey regarding their beliefs about tic disorder and Tourette’s syndrome. The factors related to their lay beliefs about the disorders were analyzed, and the correlates were investigated.
Results: Results indicated that lay people in South Korea held strong beliefs that the causes of tic disorder and Tourette’s syndrome lie within the parenting/psychological and neurological/biological categories, compared to the dietary/environmental one. Among the sociodemographic variables, sex, age, and levels of subjective mental health knowledge were primarily associated with the aforementioned beliefs. Familiarity with tic disorder and Tourette’s syndrome was also associated with these beliefs. Among the personality traits investigated, extraversion and conscientiousness had significant influences on the beliefs people had about tic disorder and Tourette’s syndrome.
Conclusions: The results suggest that both policy makers and mental health service providers should adopt a strategic approach for developing and implementing health education interventions about tic disorder and Tourette’s syndrome because individual sociodemographic variables, familiarity with the disorders, and personality traits are all associated with the beliefs about these disorders.
Keywords : Tic disorders; Tourette syndrome; Beliefs; Personality; South Korea.


July 2019, 30 (3)
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