Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry : eISSN 2233-9183 / pISSN 1225-729X

Table. 3.

Table. 3.

The two factor solution of the A-GBI

ItemFactor IFactor IIDepressive*Hypomanic/ Biphasic Questions
630.96+Have there been periods lasting several days or more when you were so down in the dumps that you thought you might never snap out of it?
720.95+Have there been periods of time when you felt a persistent sense of gloom?
620.92+Have you had periods when it seemed that the future was hopeless and things could not improve?
560.90+Have there been times of several days or more when you really got down on yourself and felt worthless?
230.90+Have there been times of several days or more when you were so sad that it was quite painful for you, or you felt that you couldn’t stand it?
500.86+Have you had sad and depressed periods lasting several days or more when you also felt much more anxious or tense (jittery, nervous, uptight) than usual (other than related to the menstrual cycle)?
730.86+Have there been times when you felt that you would be better off dead?
340.85+Have there been long periods over the last year when you felt sad, depressed, or irritable most of the time?
550.83+Have there been times when upsetting or bad thoughts kept going through your mind and you couldn’t stop them?
160.82+Have you had long periods in which you felt that you couldn’t enjoy life as easily as other people?
450.82+Over the past year, have there been times of several days or more when you were so down that nothing (not even friends or good news) could cheer you up?
30.80+Have you become sad, depressed, or irritable for several days or more with out really understanding why?
140.79+Have you had periods of sadness and depression when almost everything gets on your nerves and makes you irritable or angry (other than related to the menstrual cycle)?
320.79+Over the past year, have there been times when you looked back over your life and could see only failures or hardships?
680.79+Have you had long periods when you were down and depressed, interrupted by brief periods when your mood was normal or slightly happy?
470.78+Have there been times when you hated yourself or felt that you were stupid, ugly, unlovable, or useless?
690.77+Have there been times of several days or more when you have struggled to control an urge to cry, have had frequent crying spells, or found yourself crying without really understanding why (other than related to the menstrual cycle)?
90.75+Have there been periods lasting several days or more when you lost almost all interest in people close to you and spent long times by yourself?
490.74+Have there been times of a day or more when you had no feelings or emotions and seemed cut off from other people?
200.72+Have there been periods lasting several days or more when you spent much of your time brooding about unpleasant things that have happened?
410.70+Have you had periods of several days or more when it was difficult or almost impossible to think and your mind felt sluggish, stagnant, or “dead”?
710.70+Have you found yourself at times feeling fearful or suspicious of your environment or people around you?
130.67+Have there been times when you lost almost all interest in the things that you usually like to do (such as hobbies, school, work, entertainment)?
350.67+Has it seemed that you experience both pleasurable and painful emotions more intensely than other people?
520.66+Have you had periods of sadness and depression when, for several days or more, it took you over an hour to get to sleep at night, even though you were very tired?
220.63+Have you had periods of extreme happiness and intense energy lasting several days or more when you also felt much more anxious or tense (jittery, nervous, uptight) than usual (other than related to the menstrual cycle)?
360.63+Have there been periods of several days or more when you felt guilty and thought you deserved to be punished for something you had or had not done?
180.63+Have there been times of several days or more when you were so tired and worn out that it was very difficult or even impossible to do your normal everyday activities (not including times of intense exercise, physical illness, or heavy work schedules)?
260.61+Have you had periods when you were so down that you found it hard to start talking or that talking took too much energy?
10.60+Have there been periods, over the last year, when it was almost impossible to make small decisions even though this may not be generally true of you?
60.59+Have people said that you looked sad or lonely?
570.59+Have there been times when you had blank spells in which your activities were interrupted, and you did not know what was going on around you?
590.58+Have there been periods of several days or more when you were slowed down and couldn’t move as quickly as usual?
400.58+Have you found that your feelings or energy are generally up or down, but rarely in the middle?
120.57+Have there been times when your memory or concentration seemed es pecially poor and you found it difficult, for example, to read or follow a TV program, even though you tried?
190.57+Has your mood or energy shifted rapidly back and forth from happy to sad or high to low?
280.57+Have there been periods other than when you were physically ill that you had more than one of the following: (a) headaches or feelings of tightness, pressure, or “wooziness” in your head; (b) dizziness; (c) constipation or diarrhea; (d) aches and pains; (e) nausea, vomiting, or stomach aches; (f) blurred vision; (g) trembling or shaking hands; or (h) feeling too hot or too cold?
20.56+Have you found your enjoyment in being with people changes -- from times when you enjoy them immensely and want to be with them all the time, to times when you do not want to see them at all?
390.53+Have there been times when you were feeling low and depressed, and you also had to struggle very hard to control inner feelings of rage or an urge to smash or destroy things?
100.52+Have you had periods of several days or more when food seemed rather flavorless and you didn’t enjoy eating at all?
330.48+Have you experienced times of several days or more when you felt as if you were moving in slow motion?
660.48+Have then been times when you began many new activities with lots of enthusiasm and then found yourself quickly losing interest in them?
290.460.40+Have you experienced periods of several days or more when were feeling down and depressed, and you also were physically restless, unable to sit still, and had to keep moving or jumping from one activity to another?
50.46+Have there been periods of several days or more when you felt that you needed more sleep, even though you slept longer at night or napped more during the day (not including times of exercise, physical illness, or heavy work schedules)?
370.46+Have you had times of several days or more when you woke up frequently or had trouble staying asleep during the middle of the night?
700.45+Have there been times of several days or more when almost all sexual interest was lost?
420.44+Have there been times when you had a strong urge to do something mischievous, destructive, risky, or shocking?
210.44+Have there been times when you felt that you were physically cut off from other people or from yourself, or felt as if you were in a dream, or felt that the world looked different or had changed in some way?
80.41+Have there been periods of several days or more when you could not keep your attention on any one thing for more than a few seconds, and your mind jumped rapidly from one thought to another or to things around you?
250.40+Have there been times of several days or more when you wake up much too early in the morning and have problems getting back to sleep?
600.40+Have you experienced weight changes (increases, decreases, or both) of five pounds or more in short periods of time (three weeks or less), not including changes due to physical illness, menstruation, exercise, or dieting?
380.63+Have you had periods of extreme happiness and high energy lasting several days or more when what you saw, heard, smelled, tasted, or touched seemed vivid or intense?
430.60+Have there been periods of several days or more when your thinking was so clear and quick that it was much better than most other people’s?
640.57+Have you had times when your thoughts and ideas came so fast that you couldn’t get them all out, or they came so quickly others complained that they couldn’t keep up with your ideas?
300.56+Have there been times lasting several days or more when you felt you must have lots of excitement, and you actually did a lot of new or different things?
460.53+Have there been times of several days or more when you felt that you were a very important person or that your abilities or talents were better than most other people’s?
480.52+Have you found that your thinking changes greatly - that there are periods of several days or more when you think better than most people, and other periods when your mind doesn’t work well at all?
310.52+Have you had periods of extreme happiness and intense energy (clearly more than your usual self) when, for several days or more, it took you over an hour to get to sleep at night?
530.50+Have you had periods lasting several days or more when you felt depressed or irritable, and then other periods of several days or more when you felt extremely high, elated, and overflowing with energy?
150.48+Have there been times of several days or more when you did not feel the need for sleep and were able to stay awake and alert for much longer than usual because you were full of energy?
270.47+Have there been times of several days or more when, although you were feeling unusually happy and intensely energetic (clearly more than your usual self), you also had to struggle very hard to control inner feelings of rage or an urge to smash or destroy things?
540.46+Have there been periods when, although you were feeling unusually happy and intensely energetic, almost everything got on your nerves and made you irritable or angry (other than related to the menstrual cycle?)
170.42+Have you had periods of several days or more when you wanted to be with people so much of the time that they asked you to leave them alone for a while?

All loadings ≥0.40 appear in the table. Loadings for items 4, 7, 11, 24, 44, 51, 58, 61, 65, and 67 were all below 0.40.

items included in Depressive subscales in original A-GBI,

items included in hypomanic/biphasic subscales in original A-GBI. A-GBI: adolescent version of General Behavioral Inventory

J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019;30:168-77 https://doi.org/10.5765/jkacap.190023
© 2019 J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry