Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry : eISSN 2233-9183 / pISSN 1225-729X

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Summary of studies using Al technology with existing ASD assessments

AuthorSample sizeMean ageDate typeMethodAUC (%)Sensitivity (%)Specificity (%)Accuracy (%)
Bone et al. [35]1264 (ASD) 462 (non-ASD)6.7-15.9 yrs 6.6-17.2 yrsADI-R SRSSVM-89.2 86.759 53.4-
Bussu et al. [28]32(ASD) 43 (atypical) 86 (typical)8.1 m (visiti) 14.5 m (visit2) 25.4 m (visit3) 38.4 m (visit4)MSEL VABS AOSISVM69.2 (8 m) 70.8 (14 m)68.8 (8 m) 60.7 (14 m)64.4 (8 m) 67.5 (14 m)66.4 (8 m) 64.4 (14 m)
Duda et al. [36]2775 (ASD) 150 (ADHD)8.1 yrs (ASD) 11.3 yrs (ADHD)SRSSVC, LDA, CL, LR, RF, DT93.3-96.5---
Duda et al. [37]248(ASD) 174 (ADHD)8.2 yrs (ASD) 10.4 yrs (ADHD)SRSSVC, CL, LR, LDA82-89---
Kosmicki et al. [33]1451 ASD (M2) 348 non-ASD (M2) 2434 ASD (M 3) 307 non-ASD (M 3)68 m ASD (M 2) 37 m non-ASD (M2) 111 m ASD (M3) 108 m non-ASD (M 3)ADOS (M2, M3)SVM, ADTree, FT, LR, NBT, RF96.7-99.7 (M2) 96.1-100 (M3)96.5-98.6 (M2) 87.1-98.9 (M3)
Levy et al. [32]1319 ASD (M 2) 70 non-ASD (M 2) 2870 ASD (M 3) 273 non-ASD (M 3)83 m ASD (M 2) 60 m non-ASD (M 2) 116 m ASD (M 3) 109 m non-ASD (M 3)ADOS (M2, M3)LR, LDA, SVM93 (M2) 95 (M3)98 (M2) 95 (M3)58 (M2) 87 (M3)78 (M2) 90 (M3)
Thabtah et al. [49]707(ASD) 393 (non-ASD)6.3 yrs 14.1 yrs 29.7 yrsAQCI80-87.3 80.95-82.5480 80 90
Wall et al. [34]2867 (ASD) 92 (non-ASD)8.06-8.75 yrs (ASD) 9.24-9.75 yrs (non-ASD)ADI-RADTree--93.8-9999.9-100

ADHD: attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, ADI-R: Autism Diagnositc Interview-Revised, ADOS: Autism Diagnostic Observational Schedule, ADTree: alternating decision tree, AI: artificial intelligence, AOSI: Autism Observational Scale for Infants, AQ: Autism Spectrum Quotient, ASD: autism spectrum disorder, AUC: area under the curve, CI: computational intelligence, CL: categorical lasso, DT: decision tree, FT: functional tree, LDA: linear discriminant analysis, LR: logistic regression, m: months, MSEL: Mullen Scales of Early Learning, M2: module 2, M3: module 3, NBT: naïve Bayes tree, RF: random forest, SRS: Social Responsiveness Scale, SVC: support vector classification, SVM: support vector machine, VABS: Vineland Adaptable Behavior Scale, yrs: years

J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019;30:145-52 https://doi.org/10.5765/jkacap.190027
© 2019 J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry