Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry : eISSN 2233-9183 / pISSN 1225-729X

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Included studies

AuthorPopulationNMean age (range)Outcomes (assessment tools)Comparison group
Ahn et al. [10]MY61714.7 (13-18)Depressive mood, suicide attempt (single-item questions adopted from the KYRBS)Native-born Korean adolescents (n=66302)
Bahk et al. [14]MY2667N/R (13-18)Depressive mood, suicidal ideation, plans and attempts (a single-item question adopted from the KYRBS)Native-born Korean adolescents (n=291657)
Cho [31]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and a Korean-born father)2811N/R (9-15)Depressive symptoms (a single-item author’ question)
Cho [59]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and a Korean-born father)121N/R (12-18)Externalizing problems (K-YSR)
Choi et al. [26]MY11514.4 (12-18)Online game addiction (Lemmens et al. question) [87], juvenile delinquents (three items)Adolescents in monocultural familes (n=131)
Choi [50]Korean-Japanese MY30914.2 (12-18)Internalizing and externalizing problems (K-YSR)
Chung and Lim* [47]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and a Korean-born father)16412.5Depressive symptoms (CES-D), self-esteem (RSE)
Hwang and Heo [34]MY86N/R (7-12)Social anxiety (K-SAS)
Jang et al. [16]MY3423N/R (14-19)Depressive symptoms (a single question adopted from the KYRBS)Native-born Korean adolescents (n=323934)
Jeong [83]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and a Korean-born father)480N/R (14-19)Psychiatric problems (SCL-47), resilience (ER)
Jiang and Bae [51]MY21611.9 (9-20)Psychological maladjustment (a 14-item questionnaire assessing psychological maladjustment)
Jin [48]MY (children of a foreign-born parent and a Korean-born parent)201N/R (10-12)Internalizing (K-YSR) and externalizing problems (a 6-item author’s questionnaire assessing aggressiveness)
Ju et al. [13]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and a Korean-born father)665N/R (13-18)Depressive mood, suicidal ideation, plan and attempt (single-item questions adopted from KYRBS)Native-born Korean adolescents (n=62320)
Jwa [84]MY (foreign-born MY)18716.3 (9-24)Depression/anxiety symptoms (K-YSR)
Kang et al. [11]MY243N/R (7-12)Teacher’s ratings of internalizing and externalizing problems (K-TRF)Native-born Korean children (n=243)
Kang and Kim [41]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and Korean-born father)269N/R (9-12)Internalizing and externalizing problems (K-YSR)
Kim and Kim [58]MY206N/R (13-15)Internalizing and externalizing problems (K-YSR)
Kim et al. [85]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and Korean-born father)11311.3 (10-13)Depression and anxiety symptoms (K-YSR)
Kim et al. [12]MY66614.5 (13-18)Depressive mood, suicidal ideation, plan and attempt (single-item questions adopted from the KYRBS)Native-born Korean adolescents (n=71348)
Kim and Kim [39]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and Korean-born father)179N/R (11-18)Depression and anxiety symptoms (KGHQ-20)
Kim et al. [37]MY1389.3 (9-11)Self-esteem (a 7-item questionnaire derived from the PCSC)
Kim [53]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and Korean-born father)120N/R (7-12)Internalizing problems (K-YSR), externalizing problems (a 10-item questionnaire measuring aggressiveness and delinquency adopted from KYPS)
Kim [55]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and Korean-born father)314N/R (7-12)Self-esteem (a 6-item questionnaire derived from RSE)
Kim and Hong [35]MY204N/R (10-12)Internalizing and externalizing problems (K-YSR)
Lee [23]MY795N/R (12-18)Experience of violence, stress, depression, suicidal ideation (KYRBS)Native-born Korean adolescents (n=62649)
Lee [38]MY191N/R (11-12)Internalizing and externalizing problems (each 10-item questionnaire measuring depression, anxiety, and aggressiveness derived from CBCL)
Lee et al. [24]MY378N/R (11-13)linternalizing and externalizing problems (K-YSR)Native-born Korean adolescents (n=382)
Lee et al. [49]MY (children of Vietnamese mother and Korean-born father)29611.5 (9-18)Self-esteem (3-item from RSE)
Lee [46]MY159716Depression, social withdrawal, self-esteem (questionnaires adopted from MAPS)
Lee [61]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and Korean-born father)304N/R (13-18)Internalizing and externalizing problems (K-YSR)
Lee et al. [60]MY134814Depression, social withdrawal (questionnaires adopted from MAPS)
Moon et al. [29]MY1812N/R (9-12)Depressive symptoms (single question)
Moon and An [86]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and Korean-born father)12511.4Psychiatric symptoms (SCL-90)
Oh [36]MY477515.3 (9-24)Depressive moods (a single-item question adopted from NSMF)
Oh and Jwa [32]MY (Korean-born MY and foreign- born MY)477512.6 (9-24)Depressive moods (a single-item question adopted from NSMF)
Paik and Yeum [28]MY134314Depression (questionnaires adopted from MAPS)
Park and Nahm* [22]MY107N/R (9-12)Self-esteem (self-esteem inventory for children in Korea)Native-born Korean children (n=100)
Park et al. [52]MY4141N/R (9-18)Depressive moods (a single-item question adopted from NSMF)
Parket al. [18]MY399514.6Substance use, suicidality (questionnares assessing alcohol use, smoking, drug use, suicidal ideation, plan, and attempts adopted from KYRBS)Native-born Korean adolescents (n=12876) North Korean adolescents (n=297)
Park* [45]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and Korean-born father)40311.4 (13-14)Internalizing problems (K-YSR)
Park and Jang [40]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and Korean-born father)8814.0 (11-19)Ego identity (Korean ego identity scale)
Park and Nam [15]MY1017.5 (5-12)Teacher’s rating of internalizing and externalizing problems and social relationships (KPRC-TF)Native-born Korean children (n=248)
Park [43]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and Korean-born father)121N/R (7-15)Self-esteem (RSE)
Park [25]MY73414.5Substance use (questionnaires assessing alcohol use, smoking, drug use adopted from KYRBS)Native-born Korean adolescents (n=6621 7)
Park and Lee [19]MY72714.9Suicide attempt (a single question adopted from the KYRBS)
Rhee and Lee* [44]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and Korean-born father)210N/R (13-14)Internalizing and externalizing problems (K-YSR)
Ryou et al. [33]MY (foreign-born MY, children of foreign-born mother)12016Depression (CES-D), anxiety (Beck’s inventory for measuring clinical anxiety), suicidal ideation (SSI)
Seol et al. [56]MY13111.9 (11-13)Self-esteem (RSE)
Song and Park [54]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and Korean-born father)242Withdrawal behaviour (K-CBCL)
Yang et al* [27]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and Korean-born father)305N/R (9-15)Depressive symptoms (CDI), self-esteem (RSE)
Yeom and Yang* [42]MY (children of a foreign-born mother and Korean-born father)70N/R (7-12)Internalizing and externalizing problems, social competence (K-CBCL)
Yi and Kim [9]MY (children of foreign mother)69814.8Depression, suicidal ideation, smoking (a single-item question adopted from the KYRBS)Native-born Korean adolescents (n=64728)
Yim and Park [17]MY804N/R (13-18)Depression, suicidal ideation, substance use (single-item questionnaires adopted from the KYRBS)Native-born Korean adolescents (n=70743)
Yun and Yang [57]MY136N/R (10-19)Delinquency (author’s questionnaire)

indicates that sample includes child-mother pairs,

indicates longitudinal study. CDI: Kovac’s Children’s Depression Inventory, CES-D: Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depres- sion, ER: Ego Resiliency Scale, K-APQ: Korean Adolescent Risk-Taking Questionnaire, K-CBCL: Korean version of Child Behavior Checklist, KGHQ-20: Korean version of the general health questionnaire, KPRC-TF: Korean Personality Rating Scale for Children-Teacher Form, K-SAS: Korean version of Social Anxiety Scale, K-TRF: Korean Teachers’ Rating Form, KYPS: Korean Youth Panel Survey, KYRBS: Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, K-YSR: Korean Youth Self-Report, MAPS: Multicultural Adolescents Panel Study, MY: multiethnic youths, N/R: not reported, NSMF: National Survey of Multicultural Families, PCSC: Perceived Competence Scale for Children, PQ-Y: Parentification Questionnaire-Youth, RSE: Rosenberg’s Self-Esteem Scale, SCL: Symptom Checklist, SSI: Scale for Suicidal Ideation

J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019;30:88-99 https://doi.org/10.5765/jkacap.190019
© 2019 J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry