Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry : eISSN 2233-9183 / pISSN 1225-729X

Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Studies about the effect of behavior therapy on premonitory urge severity

  References Years   Participants   Method   Control/ comparison   Outcome
Hoogduin et al [47] 1997 3 adults & 1 child with TD ERP, 2-hours 10 sessions ERP only 3 adults of the 4, PMU habituation both within & between sessions
Himle et al [18] 2007 5 children & adolescents with TD or PTD ERP, 5 consecutive, 5-min xperimental trials ERP only 4 of the 5 children demonstrated reliable suppression
Of the 4 children who achieved suppression, 3 failed PMU suppression
Verdellen et al [41] 2008 19 adults & child with TD 15 males & 4 females ERP, 2-hours 10 sessions ERP only SUD score of 19 subjects, PMU habituationboth within & between sessions
Specht et al [46] 2013 12 children & adolescents with TD or PTD ERP, 10 min baseline control 3 sessions & 40 min tic suppression 2 sessions Baseline control Urge ratings did not show the expected increase during the initial periods of tic suppression, nor a subsequent decline in urge ratings during prolonged, effective tic suppression
Houghton et al [51] 2017 126 youths & 122 adults with TD CBIT, 10 wks 8 sessions PST Adults showed a significant trend of declining PMU severity
But results failed to demonstrate that HRT specifically caused changes in PMU severity. Children failed to show any significant changes in PMU severity

CBIT: Comprehensive Behavioral Intervention for Tics, ERP: Exposure and Response Prevention, HRT: Habit Reversal Therapy, PMU: premonitory urge, PST: psychoeducation and supportive psychotherapy, PTD: persistent tic disorder, SUD: Subjective Units of Distress Scale, TD: Tourette’s disorder

J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 2019;30:50-6 https://doi.org/10.5765/jkacap.180025
© 2019 J Korean Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry